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Structuralism – Scarlet Letter

The novel Scarlet Letter is set in a village in Puritan New England. The main character is Hester Prynne, a young woman who has borne a child out of wedlock. Hester believes herself a widow, but her husband, Roger Chillingworth, arrives in New England very much alive and conceals his identity. He finds his wife forced to wear the scarlet letter A on her dress as punishment for her adultery. After Hester refuses to name her lover, Chillingworth becomes obsessed with finding his identity. When he learns that the man in question is Arthur Dimmesdale, a saintly young minister who is the leader of those exhorting her to name the child’s father, Chillingworth proceeds to torment him. Stricken by guilt, Dimmesdale becomes increasingly ill. Hester herself is revealed to be a self-reliant heroine who is never truly repentant for committing adultery with the minister; she feels that their act was consecrated by their deep love for each other. Although she is initially scorned, over time her compassion and dignity silence many of her critics.

The story is a cliche example of a protagonist who manages people to take her side common in eastern story making like Journey to the West where a buddhist monk manages to befriend his enemies and helped him, Zhu Bajie and Sun Wukong. The novel was written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, famous for criticizing the Puritan way of life, the novel takes small jabs all throughout the story, pointing out the prejudice that is way too much for a lone person to handle, wherein people judge in God’s place, which absurd in itself, just like how Hawthorne implies in most of his works.

The story today is a vague representation of modern society, wherein atheist donate more money to charity and participate in worthy causes more than the members of the different religions, wherein charity is always a common belief. It is darkest under the lamp, people judge the sins of others as they tend to overlook theirs. A society wherein the members of the community who are ostensibly the most respectable are often the most depraved, while the apparent sinners are often the most virtuous.

To be Read at Dusk – Feminist Criticism

This story begins with a man that is listening five couriers that are sitting outside the convent on the summit of the Great St. Bernard Pass in Switzerland. The couriers are telling ghost stories that they had lived. The story has two parts. We are only going to focus on the first part. The first part is ‘The story of the English bride’. This is about a newly bride that dreams with a man with a dark face and grey moustache. She and her husband are going to go to another house but she is scared because thinks that in the house there could be a painting with the face of this man. They arrive at the house but an image wasn’t found. A few days later the husband meets Signor Dellombra and invites to come to his house. The girl is scared of the man because is exactly man she saw in her dream. The husband wants to establish friendship in an attempt to cure his wife of her fear. Finally Signor Dellombra kidnaps her and she is never seen again.

Here we see that the opinion of the man is valued more than the woman’s because despite her constantly insisting her fear towards Signor Dellombra, his husband instead attempt to cure her wife of her fear that eventually lead to her kidnapping. Throughout fantasy, we often see damsels in distress being saved by the hero, a man, but we must look into the source of their distress in the first place. Snow White’s father and Cinderella’s Father remarried, leading their lives into slavery to their stepmothers. It was Belle’s father who offended the beast leading to her exchanging herself. It was Aurora’s father’s ambition that lead him to anger Malificient, cutting and taking her wings.

More often than not, it is often the men who lead these women into their misfortune. If only her husband didn’t let Signor Dellombra near her or they vacated the place and stayed on the house they previously stayed in, there would never be a problem and the bride wouldn’t be stressed out. It was because of her husband’s pride that he could fix it and somehow make the situation work, led to the doom of the poor English bride.

Moral and Dramatic Construction-Ransom of the Red Chief

The Ransom of the Red Chief begins on introducing two petty criminals, Bill and Sam, looking for an easy two thousand dollars, they hatch a plot to kidnap and hold for ransom Johnny, the ten year old son of Ebenezer Dorset, a wealthy businessman in the town of Summit. They pick up the boy and take him to a cave hideout, but there the tables are turned. Calling himself “Red Chief” in a fantasy game of cowboys and Indians, the boy drives both men crazy—but particularly Bill. Here we see a spectacle unfold with nonsensical prattle, childish demands and mild physical abuse, the boy demands they entertain him, refusing to return to his home even when they release him from his captivity out of desperation to be rid of his antics.

In the end, they instead paid Ebenezer $250 to hold the boy long enough so they could escape because Johnny wanted to come with them. The story’s beginning begins with a very familiar tone of villains looking to strike gold with some evil deeds, being the reader, the story slowly goes comedic that is such a good read and countless animated adaptations prove its success in entertaining people, because who wouldn’t want a boy who finds joy in adversity and instead brings adversity to his adversaries. An already cliche idea but always entertains us again and again.

Bill and Sam, although criminals, are not murderers. The story teaches us that not all criminals are the same, although they have committed crime, there is different intensities of it. Criminals also hold conscience, that’s why they instead paid Ebenezer $250 rather than kill the boy to get rid of him entirely. Ultimately, the focus of the story is about the lack of empathy, if Sam and Bill, Ebenezer and Johnny cared for their fellow man, would they have done the things they did? Ebenezer was a bad father and failed to empathize to his son, and Johnny was very terrible towards Bill. Bill and Sam wouldn’t be criminals if they cared for other people. The story tells us, just like Jesus taught us, love thy neighbor as thyself.

Psychoanalytic – Dr. Heidegger’s Results

The story begins as Dr. Heidegger addresses his guest and shows them how a rose of over half a century could bloom again. Dr. Heidegger acts as the super-ego of the group as he reminds them of their problems back in their youth. His guest, Madam Wycherly, Mr. Gascogne, Mr. Medbourne and Colonel Killigrew, in their old age acts as the ego because at this moment, their old age presents them of their reality, old and miserable. In this moment where their trembling hands try to drink the water from the fountain of youth, their super-ego, Dr. Heidegger’s warning is having an effect on their ego. But as they take their first sip of this elixir, their Id takes over as the elixir affects them as their body becomes younger.

The elixir acts as the instrument for their Id to take over, their foolish youth returns as their body becomes younger. As the peak of their youth was reached their repressed Id, the repressed Id in the story burst forth for the guest of Dr. Heidegger. Their ego has fully taking over as the gentlemen fight for the attention of the lady in the room. If Id reigns, chaos ensues and in the story, the resulting chaos tips over the table that the elixir was placed on. The super-ego, Dr, Heidegger stops them and as the effects of the elixir vanished, their old age returns, so does their reality of being old and miserable, the ego has once again resurfaced over the Id. Dr. Heidegger, the super-ego is now staunch on his stance to never take the water from the fountain of youth because as the representation of moral conscience, he now knows what happens if the Id takes over the ego. A his guest face their aged reality, there is still the desire to be young again but the ego, reality, doesn’t have the instrument, the elixir, for the Id to take over.

The experiment in the story is a social experiment of whether the age-old adage that age often comes wisdom is indeed true, old people have things they regret and would like to change it, desire more often than logic is what old people generally strive for as seen as to how different they once treated their children and how they treat their grandchildren. Hawthorne wants to prove that wisdom comes with age, as shown by Mr. Heidegger, but desire is often acted upon more often than the logic because humans are inherently selfish.

Marxism- The Lottery

The lottery begins abruptly with no context or what the story really is aside from there is going to be a lottery. The setting for the story, a gathering in a small rural village, the setting was emblematic of ”small town America” and many people identified directly with the setting and the gathering depicted. It was customary at that time for rural community leaders to organize summertime gatherings to draw people together in town centers to socialize, frequent, and support some of the town’s business establishments. In the story it was Mr. summers, a town leader who officiates the lottery.

He had made the paper slips listing the family with the help of Mr. Growes the night before. Mr. Summers works down the list of families, summoning the headman of each household, by the ending of the story, we learned that it was actually a sort of a ritual sacrifice and just like Mrs. Hutchinson said, ‘It isn’t fair, it isn’t fair’, because since Mr. Summer officiates the lottery and the listings, we can assume that just like any person that holds a position of power that uses their position to extort, coerce, and force people, he pulled some strings to assure his safety from this lottery or some sort of immunity befitting his position of power just like how he asserts that their village needs this barbaric tradition and shuns the other villages who are abandoning their traditions, being someone these people see as their leader, he easily coerces them into believing that he is right and the people that have second thoughts are easily brought to his side because others have chosen to believe in him as well.

It is worth noting that his life isn’t worth living, because he has a nag of a wife and childless. He is using his position to push through a scheme that would get rid of his wife through this tradition in the expense of the people. Just like how Apollo Quiboloy uses his glib tongue to give himself power that strengthens his position and the gullible masses believing his lies. The people in power is just like the lottery where you can only hope you can change your life for the better through them but you mostly make it worse because you’re spending more money than the chance of winning you’re paying for.

Biographical-Anton Chekhov’s The Lottery Ticket

‘The Lottery Ticket’ is one of the famous short stories by Anton Chekhov. The story talks about the situation wherein Ivan Dmitritch and his wife are dreaming about how their lives would change if they win the lottery. It is in here that both characters develop criticisms towards each other surrounding their current state. In the end, both had to accept the bitter reality that they didn’t win and the idea of how this news change their views about one another. The once typical, loving and trustworthy, husband and wife relationship is now estranged by prejudice and mistrust.

Although not similar, you can see a correlation of the story ‘The Lottery Ticket’ to his early life in Taganrog, Russian Empire, where his father has declared bankruptcy after overextending his finances building a new house, having been cheated by a contractor. Much like how Ivan Dmirtritch and his wife wanted to escape reality if they win in the lottery, Chekhov’s father fled to Moscow where they lived in poverty; Chekhov’s mother was physically and emotionally broken by the experience. Just like Ivan and his wife broke their impressions towards one another; which was mostly positive, into their partners being untrustworthy and greedy.

Now we come to the question of ‘if Ivan and his wife or if Chekhov’s father didn’t build a new house’, will they be estranged from one another and the stability of their livelihood that led his family to flee towards Moscow to escape the debts? If only Chekhov’s father was content or Ivan and his wife, would there be no problems at all? Contentment is happiness and in itself is fulfilling, finding joy in what you have and what you can accomplish is the wisdom that Ivan and his wife, Chekhov’s father both didn’t have.

Walay title wa ko kabalo unsa na criticism ni basta Revolt from Hymen

The poem is written by Angela Manalang – Gloria. It has an abab cdcd rhyme scheme, an example of a soliloquy expressing her thoughts aloud about her experiences reinforced by the lines ‘O to be free at last, to sleep at last, With passion weighted down the breast’ and, ‘that marks the flesh no better than a whore’s!’. Her revulsion towards her being violated and at the same time her helplessness and frustration towards it were clearly depicted in the first and last lines, ‘O to be free at last, to sleep at last’ and, ‘That marks the flesh no better than a whore’s!’. She is free but at the same time she only has a single option and compares herself to a whore that is being violated for a price.

It follows spondaic pentameter as its rhythmic meter, conveying strong emotions, her revulsion towards the act and her helplessness. the theme of the story is marital rape, supplemented with the lines ‘ With passion weighted down upon the breast, is her husband above her as he violates her, ‘ To turn the face this way and that and feel’ and ‘No kisses festering on it like sores’, is literal representation of the act, her helplessness towards her husband’s actions, her turning her face opposite to her husband’s lips that felt like sores, painful and disgustingly filled with pus. The last line, ‘That marks the flesh no better than a whore’s!’, is her saying that she doesn’t like being used by her husband to fulfill his desires and she doesn’t like what she’s doing but she is helpless against his passion.

This reflects on the plight of most Filipina wives as women are less susceptible to their sexual urges and are less active compared to men who are always in heat as long as they can make their little friend stand in attention. A relationship where women have little choice but to obey their husbands to avoid arguments and domestic violence.

Deconstruction of Your Guardian Angel

This song was when I was in highscool. There was never a day where I didn’t sing it at my concert inside the bathroom while taking a bath. Just like any love struck teenager, I always thought of the song as something romantic and a symbol to remind me of my devotion to that love. Just like how she took something trivial as she never delved deeper into it, the song ‘Your Guardian Angel’ also has varying degrees of meaning depending on how deep or different you see its meaning.

Now that the blinding light of my love has waned and I now can see something else besides my devotion to her. A devotion deeper than mine, God’s devotion to humanity, where He gave His only Son for our salvation. The first stanza is how humanity has forsaken Him again and again but He never let go so He lived as a human to understand. The chorus is how Jesus was nailed on the cross that led to His death. The second stanza was Jesus’ suffering under the Jews and Pontius Pilate that should’ve lost his faith to humanity but didn’t because He died on the cross.

The last stanza is Jesus calling for us not to lose our way. That even if we do lose our way, He will always be there to find the sheep that lost its way. This kind of love and devotion was way deeper even before I first discovered something ‘trivial’ as a budding romantic love to hold on to with no one to reciprocate but if you love God, not only it is reciprocated, you also get more than you will ever deserve because that love will never be apart, crossing the boundaries of death.

Introduce Yourself (Example Post)

This is an example post, originally published as part of Blogging University. Enroll in one of our ten programs, and start your blog right.

You’re going to publish a post today. Don’t worry about how your blog looks. Don’t worry if you haven’t given it a name yet, or you’re feeling overwhelmed. Just click the “New Post” button, and tell us why you’re here.

Why do this?

  • Because it gives new readers context. What are you about? Why should they read your blog?
  • Because it will help you focus you own ideas about your blog and what you’d like to do with it.

The post can be short or long, a personal intro to your life or a bloggy mission statement, a manifesto for the future or a simple outline of your the types of things you hope to publish.

To help you get started, here are a few questions:

  • Why are you blogging publicly, rather than keeping a personal journal?
  • What topics do you think you’ll write about?
  • Who would you love to connect with via your blog?
  • If you blog successfully throughout the next year, what would you hope to have accomplished?

You’re not locked into any of this; one of the wonderful things about blogs is how they constantly evolve as we learn, grow, and interact with one another — but it’s good to know where and why you started, and articulating your goals may just give you a few other post ideas.

Can’t think how to get started? Just write the first thing that pops into your head. Anne Lamott, author of a book on writing we love, says that you need to give yourself permission to write a “crappy first draft”. Anne makes a great point — just start writing, and worry about editing it later.

When you’re ready to publish, give your post three to five tags that describe your blog’s focus — writing, photography, fiction, parenting, food, cars, movies, sports, whatever. These tags will help others who care about your topics find you in the Reader. Make sure one of the tags is “zerotohero,” so other new bloggers can find you, too.